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Typhochlaena seladonia care sheet header
Typhochlaena seladonia. The Brazilian jewel. Arguably the most beautiful tarantula on Earth. Although not often seen (when kept in captivity and also in nature), they are one of the most interesting spiders known. Ali often refers to T. seladonia as the complete package for any tarantula keeper. A stunning dwarf arboreal trapdoor artist, packed with color and spunk. They compose their trap doors like an artist painting their own home. T. seladonia will rip pieces of bark and lichen off of the tree on which they are building a trapdoor to construct a highly camouflaged hide. They are voracious eaters, and hunt in an unusual manner for an arboreal tarantula. They wait in their trapdoor for prey to come along and they leap out of their trapdoor to grab their prey and quickly retreat back in. (We’ve even seen Cosmo drop lines of web and pull a cricket into her trapdoor!) They are beautiful, interesting, and very docile. Anyone who keeps T. seladonia should take care when opening their enclosure if the spider is roaming, as they will very likely come right out onto your hand for a stroll. Until somewhat recently, little was known about this species. Nowadays there are several dozen specimens in the United States and will become more common in time. As avid Typhochlaena seladonia lovers, we want all keepers to have the best experience when they keep this species. In an effort to help keepers, we present our Typhochlaena seladonia care sheet. We complied this care sheet through hours upon hours of research and our experience in raising T. seladonia from 2nd instar to mature female and mature male. Species name: Typhochlaena Seladonia Type location: Bahia and Sergipe, Brazil (due to limited study and being hard to locate, their true range of distribution is still unknown). T. seladonia make small intricate trapdoors on depressions in the tree and can be very hard to spot. Habitat: Atlantic Rainforest. Found mainly in a species of tree called Curatella americana, under bark and on branch intersections near the lower portion of the trees. Climate: Tropical with minimal seasonal fluctuations. Temperatures range from approximately 73° F to 86° F during the warmer months, and 66° F to 80° F in the cooler months. Moderate rainfall year round with increased precipitation between March and July. Enclosure/Housing: Small arboreal setup with lots of cross ventilation. For slings, it’s best to use a small vial with a foam cork stopper to allow for good airflow. Choose a piece of cork bark that fills the space well. It’s best to find one with indents and small dips that are slightly larger than the spider. Sometimes it may be necessary to drill out a small pit. Since seladonia use lichen and loose pieces of bark to build their trapdoor, it is also advised to find a piece of cork bark with natural moss. Grind up a small amount of organic unprocessed moss and cork bark and sprinkle on and at the base of the cork bark. They will use these to attach to their silk trapdoor in order to blend in with the cork bark. Live or fake plants aren’t necessary and would serve only as decoration. Care: The first few meals are eaten with mom. She will kill a roach or cricket and bring it back to her den to share with her spiderlings. After they are separated, they will require flightless fruit flies for a few feedings until they are finally able to take a small pinhead cricket or roach. We primarily fed B. lateralis throughout slinghood, however as they’ve reached the juvenile/ sub adult stage they seemed to prefer small crickets. It is very important that they build their trapdoor as they are not the best hunters without being able to ambush. A water dish is not required with this species. Spray entire enclosure twice a week, and focus on the cork bark and trapdoor. You DO NOT want substrate becoming soaked. If your substrate is still wet after 3-4 days, you are spraying too much. For the most part, we keep the substrate dry in our enclosures and it is usually dry again within a day or two of spraying. Adult size: Females of this species reach a size of approximately 2.5” DLS with the males being a bit smaller, reaching a size of 1.75” DLS. References: Andre, C. & Hüsser, M. (2018). About trapdoors and bridges CLIMATE-DATA.org
Typhochlaena seladonia spiderling2
Typhochlaena seladonia spiderling1
Typhochlaena seladonia juvenile1
Typhochlaena seladonia juvenile2
Typhochlaena seladonia adult female1
Typhochlaena seladonia adult female2
Typhochlaena seladonia mature male1
Typhochlaena seladonia mature male2

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